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Die Open-Access-Tage 2021 werden vom 27. bis 29. September online stattfinden, organisiert vom Projekt open-access.network.
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Monday, September 27 • 16:00 - 17:30
Session #3: Publikationsauswertungen rund um OA

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Zugangslink: https://tinyurl.com/hantvvut

Moderation: Jochen Schirrwagen

In diesem Raum finden nacheinander folgende Vorträge statt:

No Deal: Investigating the Influence of Restricted Access to Elsevier Journals on German Researchers’ Publishing and Citing Behaviours (Nicholas Fraser, Anne Hobert, Jahn Najko, Philipp Mayr & Isabella Peters)

In 2014 the Alliance of Science Organisations (Allianz der Wissenschaftsorganisationen), a union of the majority of German research organisations, established Projekt DEAL, a national-level project to negotiate licensing agreements with large scientific publishers. Negotiations between the DEAL consortium and Elsevier, one of the world's largest scientific publishers, began in 2016, and broke down without a successful agreement in 2018; in this time, around 200 German research institutions cancelled their existing license agreements with Elsevier, leading to Elsevier shutting off access to their journal portfolios at those institutions from July 2018 onwards. We aimed to assess the effect of Elsevier access restrictions on the publishing and citing behaviour of researchers from a bibliometric perspective, using a dataset of ~410,000 articles published by researchers from those affected institutions. Our early results show Elsevier’s market share of articles published by researchers from DEAL institutions has fallen over the past 5 years, from a peak of 25.3% in 2015 to 20.6% in 2020; the largest year-on-year loss in market share (>1%) was reported in 2020. Despite a reduction in the proportion of articles published in Elsevier journals, researchers at DEAL institutions have continued to cite Elsevier articles following access restrictions in similar proportions to before, suggesting that researchers use other methods to access and read articles (e.g. interlibrary loans, sharing between co-authors, or “shadow libraries” such as Sci-Hub). We further investigated these behaviours with respect to the timing of contract expirations, research disciplines, collaboration patterns and article OA status. Overall, we find some evidence of reduced willingness amongst researchers at DEAL institutions to publish in Elsevier journals, but no evidence suggesting that researchers are negatively affected in their ability to cite articles following restricted access to those journals.
(Der Vortrag wird in deutscher Sprache gehalten.)

Impact of Publishing and Citing Open Access Papers on Researchers' Scientific Success (Fakhri Momeni, Philipp Mayr & Nicholas Fraser)

The scientific publishing market suffers from injustice in several regards. Interestingly, traces of injustice can be found in both open-access (OA) and closed-access (CA) publishing-models.
The OA-model makes scientific literature freely accessible for all scholars - but, the costs of publishing have to be assumed by somebody (e.g. the authors via APCs). This, however, may not be possible for authors who do not benefit from financial support for OA-publishing. In succession, such authors cannot publish in the OA-model (instead they must turn to the CA-model) and cannot profit from the citation advantage that was shown for many OA-articles [1]. Researchers (at institutions) who are not able to maintain subscriptions to CA-publications suffer from the CA-model as it builds a barrier to access the required resources. This may result in falling behind the state of the art in the field which along with it may negatively affect future publication success in outlets of high reputation.
This study (conducted with data from Scopus and Unpaywall) will research the effect on researchers’ scientific success grounded in the unfairness of both publishing models. We aim to answer three questions. First, is there any limitation for a group of researchers (e.g. from different countries, career stages, career positions) to cite the CA-papers? Second, is there any limitation for researchers to publish in the OA-model and receiving citations? To answer these questions, we try to find the relationship between the groups that researchers belong to and the tendency to cite/publish in the OA- or CA-model. Third, to what extent do these limitations affect the scientific success of scholars? We assess scientific success by comparing the receiving citations for each group. We expect that the tendency to cite OA- and publish CA-articles affects the scientific success of scholars negatively.
[1] Matheka et al. https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-8603-10-26

Open-Access-Profile deutscher Universitäten: Ansätze zur Erklärung von Unterschieden (Niels Taubert, Anne Hobert, Najko Jahn, Andre Bruns, Elham Iravani)

Analysen und Monitoring-Systeme zum Stand der Open-Access-Transformation weisen auf erhebliche Differenzen in der Adaption von Open Access an deutschen Universitäten hin. Unterschiede finden sich nicht nur in Bezug auf den Umfang, in dem der Publikationsoutput im Open Access zugänglich ist, sondern auch hinsichtlich der Bedeutung der verschiedenen Spielarten von Open Access, so dass von einem differenzierten Aufgreifen gesprochen werden kann. Analoge Unterschiede zeigen sich auch in Untersuchungen des Open-Access-Anteils im Publikationsoutput von Disziplinen und Fächern. Diese Ausgangslage wirft die Frage nach den Ursachen für die Differenzen im Open-Access-Profil deutscher Universitäten auf. Sind diese primär geprägt durch die Zusammensetzung der dort anzutreffenden Fachkulturen, oder sind organisationsspezifische Faktoren, wie etwa die Größe der Universität, ihre personelle und finanzielle Ausstattung, die Drittmittelquote oder die Existenz verschiedener Open Access-Infrastrukturen und Förderangebote maßgeblich? Der Vortrag präsentiert Ergebnisse aus dem BMBF-geförderten Verbundprojekt OAUNI, in dem der Versuch unternommen wird, Open-Access-Profile deutscher Universitäten zu erklären. Das Vorgehen ist dabei geprägt durch ein Mixed-Methods-Design: Zum einen werden die Ergebnisse einer statischen Modellierung präsentiert. Diese quantitativen Befunde werden zum anderen in den Kontext von Experteninterviews mit Open-Access-Verantwortlichen an deutschen Universitäten gerückt, mit denen die lokale Situation und die dort wirksamen Faktoren tiefer ausgeleuchtet werden.

Speakers
FM

Fakhri Momeni

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany
Fakhri Momeni (corresponding author, Fakhri.Momeni@gesis.org) is researcher and Phd student at GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany
NF

Nicholas Fraser

1: ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Kiel, Germany
Nicholas Fraser is a postdoctoral researcher in the Web Science research group at ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Kiel, Germany
NT

Niels Taubert

Bielefeld University, Germany
Niels Taubert (PD Dr.) leitet die Arbeitsgruppe Bibliometrie an der Universität Bielefeld


Monday September 27, 2021 16:00 - 17:30 CEST
Raum A Link zum Raum in der Sessionbeschreibung und unter "Video Stream"